National asylum systems of non-EU countries and EU Member States
2nd lecture of the Educational Seminar “European Asylum and Refugee Law: European Developments & Comparative Dimension”
The second lecture of the educational seminar titled “European asylum and refugee law: European developments and comparative dimension” organized by the Jean Monnet European Centre of Excellence of the University of Athens took place on Monday 5 February 2018 in Athens, in cooperation with the Kalliopi Koufa Foundation and the European Public Law Organization (EPLO). The subject of the lecture was “National asylum systems of non-EU countries and EU Member States”.
Presentations of their national asylum systems, both at law and at law enforcement levels, made, for Canada, H.E. Ambassador of Canada to Greece, Mr. K. Morrill, for Spain, H.E. Ambassador of Spain to Greece, Mr. E. Viguera, for Turkey, the Turkish Embassy Counselor in Greece, A. Guven, for Germany, Mr M. Adams, representative of the German Federal Immigration and Refugee Office, Liaison Office in Greece, and for Sweden, D. Tsoukalas, immigration officer of the Swedish Embassy in Greece.
The chair of the event was Mr. N. Farantouris, Professor of the Department of International and European Studies of the University of Piraeus and Jean Monnet Chair of European Law and Policies in European Law and Competition, Energy and Transport Policy.
Abstract – Embassy of Spain
The model of SPAIN
Foreign policy instruments on migration with Morocco adapted to W. Africa countries from 2006 on were essential for Spain to effectively manage the massive flow of illegal immigrants (crisis de los “cayucos”). Those instruments prevented the Western Mediterranean Sea becoming a major entry door for illegal immigration during the last EU migration crisis and influenced some of the EU migration/asylum foreign policy measures to cope with it.
There is a balanced migration policy implemented in Spain with a fair integration of immigrants based on statistics. As a result there is no political xenophobia (unique case in Europe) in spite of being a frontier country, having one of the highest unemployment rates in the EU and also one of the highest percentages of foreign born population. Although petitioners have substantially increased in 2017, asylum is still a relatively new phenomenon in Spain where, as in other EU countries, a relatively high proportion of petitions are not accepted.
Spain favors the current EU CEAS reform process aiming at finding an adequate balance between Member State responsibility (of the first line state to asylum seekers) and EU solidarity (quotas, financing, agreed mechanisms by EU Member States etc.) as the best way to secure a EU efficient system.
Abstract – Embassy of Sweden
Sweden has taken a large share of responsibility in the ongoing global refugee crisis. During the large influx of asylum seekers in Europe in 2015 Sweden received a total of 163 000 asylum seekers. Moreover 40 percent (35 000) of the asylum seeking unaccompanied children in the EU in 2015 came to Sweden. This placed a great strain on the Swedish society leading the Swedish Government to introduce a number of temporary measures that adapted Sweden´s asylum rules to the minimum levels under EU law. Notwithstanding these changes Sweden is still the seventh destination for asylum seekers in absolute terms and has from 2009 onwards accepted the most asylum seekers per capita in the EU. Swedish migration policy is directed towards a sustainable asylum and migration policy with enhanced and constructive cooperation both in the EU and globally. A robust asylum system along the lines of collective responsibility and solidarity needs to be established.